2018-2019高二英语3月月考试题(有答案河南永城实验高中)

                  时间:2019-03-28 作者: 试题来源:网络

                  2018-2019高二英语3月月考试题(有答案河南永城实验高中)

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                  2018-2019学年度下学期高二月考
                  英语试题
                  命题人:梁秀丽   复核人:曹月人
                  第一部分  听力(略)
                  第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
                  第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)
                  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A,B,C,D)中,选出最佳选项。
                  A
                  Once upon a time, a man was walking on a mountain when he found an incredible cave with all kinds of treasure inside it. So, he gave up his job, his home, and his friends, and spent all his time guarding the cave.
                  He was so devoted to it that he hardly ate or drank, and before long he fell ill. One day, when he could hardly move at all, he decided to share the treasure.
                  He crawled into the cave to get a handful of jewels, but discovered, to his horror, that it was empty except for a small emerald (绿宝石). The man took it and gave it to the first person to come by, a woman.
                  Then an old man came by. “What bad luck!” the man said. “Just a moment ago I gave a woman the last of the treasure I was guarding.”
                  “Are you sure there is nothing left?” the old man asked.
                  The man took him into the cave, where they found a chest with jewels and some bags of gold. The man was shocked, and the old man explained to him, “At last! At last! At last someone has broken the spell (咒语) of this cave. This is the Cave of Treasure, and you’re the first to have passed its great test. Many have dedicated their lives to this cave, only to end up realizing there was nothing here …”
                  “And why does this happen?” the man asked.
                  “This magic cave has only as many riches as your own heart. When someone discovers it, the cave fills with the treasure they bring with them, but later, when they have devoted themselves to guarding the treasure, their hearts become empty, as does the cave. The only way to fill it is by filling your heart with all that is good, as you did by giving the woman that last jewel.”
                  From that day on, the man understood that it was better to share than to keep. Thanks to the cave and the old man, he became noble and generous.
                  21. Why did the man give up his job, home and friends?
                  A. Because he possessed a variety of treasure.      B. Because he devoted himself to a great test.
                  C. Because he had to guard the treasure cave.      D. Because he wanted to find the treasure cave.
                  22. What did the man find when he showed his cave to the old man?
                  A. All kinds of treasure.                      B. A chest with jewels and gold.
                  C. A small emerald.                          D. A handful of jewels.
                  23. What do we learn about the people who devoted their lives to the cave before?
                  A. They all found the cave empty at last.     B. They all filled the cave with the treasure they had
                  C. The old man freed them from its spell.     D. it was better to share than to enjoy the treasure alone.
                  24. What can we learn from the text?
                  A. Different people have different views.     B. Purely material things cannot make us truly wealthy.   
                  C. Treasure belongs to those who possess it.    D. Some people never learn what is really valuable.
                  B
                  Walt Disney is credited for creating such wonderful things as Donald Duck and Mickey Mouse. However, he cannot take the credit for creating other well-loved characters, such as Cinderella(灰姑娘) and Snow White. They are almost automatically associated with Disney because Disney turned old fables (寓言) into cartoon movies.
                  The original Cinderella varies very much from the Disney version we know today. It started off with the girl mourning her mother’s death and going to her tomb three times a day. In addition, there were only birds that helped Cinderella; there was no such thing as a fairy godmother or helpful mice, nor was there mention of a horse and carriage.
                  The stepsisters were cruel: they always threw Cinderella’s food into the ashes of the fire and made her sleep on the ashes on the floor, hence(因此)her name.
                  In the original story, the king’s ball actually lasted for three days. With the help of the birds, the girl, beautifully dressed, danced with the prince on all three nights and the prince fell in love with her. However, she broke away from him to rush back home each night. On the last night, the prince placed something sticky on the stairs; as Cinderella made her escape, a shoe got stuck on it.
                  Here now is where the story becomes unpleasant: when the prince went to the house looking for the girl whose foot fit the shoe, the wicked(邪恶的) stepmother told one of her two daughters to cut off her big toe to fit into the shoe. The daughter did so. So the prince took her away to be his bride. But,when they passed the tomb of Cinderella’s mother, the birds called out to the prince,
                  “Turn and peep, there’s blood within the shoe; The shoe is too small, the true bride waits for you.”
                  Realizing he had been tricked, the prince returned the daughter to her mother. The other then had to cut off part of her heel in order to fit into the shoe, with the same result. Only Cinderella’s foot fit perfectly and so the prince chose to marry her. The story ends with the wedding day: as Cinderella’s two stepsisters followed her, pretending to be devoted to her so that they could enjoy the king’s riches, two birds flew by and plucked (啄) out their eyes. Because of their wickedness and falsehood, they had to spend the rest of their days blind.
                  The original Cinderella is so different from the Disney version. Thank goodness Disney made such changes; it indeed was a wise move.
                  25. What dose the underlined word “They” in the first paragraph refer to?
                  A. Such wonderful things.                   B. Other well-loved characters.
                  C. Old fables.                             D. Cartoon movies.
                  26. How did Cinderella get her name?
                  A. The birds came up with it.                 B. It was given by Disney.
                  C. It came from the word “ash”.               D. She got it from her mother.
                  27. Which of the following is TRUE according to the original story?
                  A. Helpful mice got Cinderella a beautiful dress.
                  B. The ball was held to celebrate the prince’s wedding.
                  C. Cinderella left her shoe on the stairs on purpose.
                  D. The birds told the prince that he had been cheated.
                  28. The moral (寓意) of the original story is that ____________.
                  A. a wicked person cannot escape punishment.     B. a devoted person certainly deserves respect.
                  C. a well-behaved child earns a great reward.      D. a dishonest child cannot get mother love.
                  29. What does the author think of the Disney version?
                  A. Excellent.     B. Ordinary      C. Dull.     D. Ridiculous.
                  C
                  The elephant was lying heavily on its side, fast asleep. A few dogs started barking at it. The elephant woke up in a terrible anger: it chased the dogs into the village where they ran for safety.
                  That didn't stop the elephant. It destroyed a dozen houses and injured several people. The villagers were scared and angry. Then someone suggested calling Parbati, the elephant princess.
                  Parbati Barua's father was a hunter of tigers and an elephant tamer. He taught Parbati to ride an elephant before she could even walk. He also taught her the dangerous art of the elephant round-up -- how to catch wild elephants.
                  Parbati hasn't always lived in the jungle. After a happy childhood hunting with her father, she was sent to boarding school in the city. But Parbati never got used to being there and many years later she went back to her old life. "Life in the city is too dull. Catching elephants is an adventure and the excitement lasts for days after the chase," she says.
                  But Parbati doesn't catch elephants just for fun. "My work," she says, "is to rescue man from the elephants, and to keep the elephants safe from man”. And this is exactly what Parbati has been doing for many years. Increasingly, the Indian elephant is angry: for many years, illegal hunters have attacked it and its home in the jungle has been reduced to small pieces of land. It is now fighting back. Whenever wild elephants enter a tea garden or a village, Parbati is called to guide the animals back to the jungle before they can kill.
                  The work of an elephant tamer also involves love and devotion. A good elephant tamer will spend hours a day singing love songs to a newly captured elephant. "Eventually they grow to love their tamers and never forget them. They are also more loyal than humans," she said, as she climbed up one of her elephants and sat on the giant, happy animal. An elephant princess indeed!
                  30. Before Parbati studied in a boarding school, ________.
                   A. she spent her time hunting with her father       B. she learned how to sing love songs
                   C. she had already been called an elephant princess  D. she was taught how to hunt tigers
                  31. Indian elephants are getting increasingly angry and they revenge because _____.
                   A. they are caught and sent for heavy work   B. illegal hunters capture them and kill them            
                   C. they are attacked and their land gets limited D. dogs often bark at them and chase them
                  32. The passage starts with an elephant story in order to explain that in India ______.     
                   A. people easily fall victim to elephants' attacks B. the man-elephant relationship is getting worse
                  C. elephant tamers are in short supply        D. dogs are as powerful as elephants
                  D
                  If doctors want to test you for something, they’ll usually take a blood or urine sample(尿样). But wouldn’t it be much more convenient if they just asked you to breathe through a special instrument?
                  In fact, your breath can say a lot about you. In traditional Chinese medicine, doctors draw a conclusion about the health state of a patient based on the smell of his or her breath; trained dogs and rats can identify the smells of the breaths of people suffering from certain cancers; traffic police also monitor drivers’ alcohol consumption by testing their breaths.
                  Just like blood and urine, your breath contains lots of “metabolites” —the waste chemicals that the body produces, which vary from person to person. They are like personal health fingerprints, which is why scientists sometimes call them “breathprints”, according to Science Daily.
                  Compared to blood or urine testing, breath testing takes only seconds instead of hours, and it requires neither a needle nor a container to hold the body fluids(液). This means the test can be taken frequently to better detect early signs of diseases and monitor the progress of a medical treatment.
                  On the other hand, as an identifier(鉴定物), you might think that breaths are not as reliable as fingerprints since they might change based on what you eat. However, researchers in Zurich, Switzerland mapped 11 healthy volunteers’ chemical patterns by having them breathe through a special instrument, and they found that each pattern was unique and the patterns didn’t change much throughout the day, reported BBC.
                  “Our goal is to develop breath analysis to the point where it becomes competitive with the established analysis of blood and urine,” said Malcolm Kohler, professor at the University Hospital Zurich.
                  33. According to the text we know that______.
                    A. breath varies from person to person based on food.
                    B. your breath may give you away if you are not careful.
                    C. doctors can test one’s breath to find about his illness.
                    D. trained dogs can identify people with certain cancers.
                  34. In comparison with blood or urine testing, breath testing is _______.
                    A. comfortable and convincing.           B. traditional and reliable.
                    C. accurate and competitive.              D. quick and convenient.
                  35. What can we infer from the text?
                    A. Breath testing is reliable and may have a bright future.
                   B. Blood or urine testing will be less used in medical treatment.
                    C. Doctors have found the best way to detect early signs of diseases.
                    D. Traditional Chinese medicine is becoming more and more popular.
                  第二节  (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)  
                  据短文内容,从短文后选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
                    Dear Mr Ma,
                  Lately our class has become worried about the environment at the back of the school, and we’d like to do something to make it more attractive, We have done some research and have come up with a plan.   36  but we will need a small amount of money for equipment, plants and paint. I am writing to ask the council for permission to do this work and to ask if the school council could donate $500 towards our project.
                  We would like to turn the empty land at the back of the school into a nature garden. We would plant trees and grasses, make paths through the garden and dig a small pond.   37   . It would also attract birds, insects and small animals which students could then study in science classes.
                  38  .some of our art classes could then paint a huge picture on it. It might be possible to paint over the wall each yearso the next classes can make a new picture.
                  Lastly, we would like to paint all the rubbish bins. At the moment they look old and the paint is coming off (脱落).  39   . We think our plan would greatly improve the back of the school and everyone in the school would benefit. We have already asked our parents and they have promised to donate one weekend of their time to help us complete the project.
                  We hope you will give us permission for this worthwhile project and will be able to donate the $500 we need. When we have finished the work,   40  .
                  Yours sincerely
                                                                                      Li Hua
                  A.    if we paint them in bright, attractive colours, students might be more likely to use them
                  B.    We think this would provide a peaceful place for students and teachers to walk in
                  C.    There are a group of students who would like to make our school more attraction.
                  D.    We would also like to paint the back wall of the school that faces the new garden
                  E.    With the help of our parents, we can do most of the work ourselves
                  F.    We can take a walk around the school and choose an area that we think we can improve.
                  G.    we hope the council will join us in a celebration so that the whole school can thank you
                  第三部分   英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
                  第一节   完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
                  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A,B,C,D)中,选出最佳选项。
                  The journey my daughter Cathy has had with her swimming is as long as it is beautiful. Cathy suffered some terrible   41    in her early childhood. After years of regular treatment, she   42   became healthy.
                  Two years ago, while Cathy was watching the Olympics, a dream came into her sweet little head—to be a swimmer. Last summer, she wanted to   43    out local swim team. She practiced hard and finally  44  it. The team practice,   45  , was a rough start. She coughed and choked and could hardly   46   her first few weeks. Hearing her coughing bitterly one night, I decided to   47   her from it all. But Cathy woke me up early next morning, wearing her swimsuit   48   to go! I told her she shouldn’t swim after a whole night’s coughing, but she refused to   49   and insisted she go.
                  From that day on, Cathy kept swimming and didn’t   50   a single practice. She had a   51__   intention within herself to be the best she could be. My ten-year-old daughter was growing and changing right before my eyes, into this   52   human being with a passion and a mission. There were moments of    __53__ of course: often she would be the last swimmer in the race. It was difficult for Cathy to accept that she wasn’t a    54   ever. But that didn’t stop her from trying.
                  Then came the final awards ceremony at the end of the year. Cathy didn’t expect any award but was still there to    55   her friends and praise their accomplishments. As the ceremony was nearing the end, I suddenly heard the head coach    56   , “The highest honor goes to Cathy!” Looking around, he continued, “Cathy has inspired us with her    57   and enthusiasm.   58   skills and talents bring great success, the most valuable asset (财富) one can hold is the heart.”
                  It was the greatest    59   of my daughter’s life. With all she had been    60   in her ten years, this was the hour of true triumph (成功).
                  41. A. failure            B. pressure             C. loss                D. illness
                  42. A. usually           B. finally               C. firstly             D. frequently
                  43. A. improve          B. train                 C. join               D. contact
                  44. A. increased         B. found             C. created             D. made
                  45. A. however          B. therefore           C. otherwise          D. instead
                  46. A. use                B. survive             C. save               D. waste
                  47. A. pull             B. tell                   C. hide                D. fire
                  48. A. afraid            B. nervous            C. ready              D. free
                  49. A. take off       B. set off                C. give up             D. show up
                  50. A. attend           B. miss                 C. ban                 D. Start
                  51. A. rich             B. weak               C. firm                D. kind
                  52. A. trusted           B. determined           C. experienced           D. embarrassed
                  53. A. frustration        B. delight              C. excitement           D. surprise
                  54. A. beginner         B. learner              C. partner              D. winner
                  55. A. cheer on         B. compete with        C. respond to           D. run after
                  56. A. admitting        B. explaining           C. announcing           D. whispering
                  57. A. humor           B. will                 C. honesty              D. wisdom
                  58. A. Although         B. Since                C. Once               D. Because
                  59. A. discovery     B. choice               C. influence             D. moment
                  60. A. through          B. under             C. across               D. around
                  第二节  语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
                  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入?#23454;?#30340;内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单?#23454;?#27491;确形式。
                  In?the?late?19th?century,?Europe?changed?a great deal, 61___________ a?mostly agricultural society?to?a?mostly?industrial?one.?Many?people 62___________?(move)?from?the?countryside the?new?cities.?There?were?many?new 63___________ (invention)?and?social?changes. 64___________ (nature),?these?changes?also?led?to?new?painting?styles.?Among?the?painters?65_________ broke?away?from?the?traditional?style?of?painting?were?the?Impressionists, who lived?and?worked?in?Paris.?
                  The?Impressionists?were?the?first?painters 66________ (work) outdoors.?They?were?eager?67________ (show)?how?light?and?shadow?fell?on?objects?at?different?times?of?day.?However,?68______?natural?light?changes?so?quickly,?the?Impressionists?had?to?paint?quickly.?Their?paintings?were?not?as detailed as 69___________ of?earlier?painters.?At?first,?many?people?disliked this?style?of?painting?and?became?very?angry?about?it.?They?said?that?the?painters?were 70_________?(care)?and?their?paintings?were?ridiculous.
                  第四部分   写作(共两节,满分35分)
                  第一节   短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
                  注意:1每处错误及修改均仅限一词;2只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
                  Once there was a poor artist who wanted to enter an important painting competition. One day he took his paints and brushes to a local cafe to drink his coffee and got inspiration. The district where he lived in was full of trees which formed a leafy avenue. As he looked around him, he noticed how the shadow of the trees were growing longer with time passed. He decides to paint them in the style typical of the Impressionists. Take a bunch of brushes from his bag, he chose one that was suitable to painting and began. The painting was completed soon. It looked so really that one could almost smell the fragrant that hung from the branches of the trees. Happily, she wrote his signature at the bottom of the painting and sent to the competition committee. But his painting give high marks by the judges and it also won him a reputation as a famous Impressionist painter.

                  第二节  书面表达(满分25分)
                  假如你是李华,你刚收到?#22235;?#30340;朋友王梅的电子邮件,她在邮件里向你询?#35797;?#39640;中如何学好英语。请你根据下列的内容给她写封回信。
                  1.上课认真听讲,做好笔记,课后及时复
                  2.课外多与同学用英语交流,提高听力和口语能力
                  3.词汇是基础,每天早上花半个小时的时间背诵单词,朗读课文;
                  4.每天坚?#20013;?a href=https://zw.5ykj.com target=_blank class=infotextkey>日记
                  注意:1.约120?#39318;?#21491;。
                  2.应包括以上几点,但?#28784;?#36880;?#22336;?#35793;,要组织一篇通顺连贯的短文。
                  Dear Wang Mei,
                  I'm very glad to have received your e-mail. ___________________________________________________
                  __________________________________________________________________________________________
                  __________________________________________________________________________________________
                  __________________________________________________________________________________________
                  __________________________________________________________________________________________
                  __________________________________________________________________________________________
                  __________________________________________________________________________________________
                  __________________________________________________________________________________________
                  __________________________________________________________________________________________
                  __________________________________________________________________________________________
                  __________________________________________________________________________________________
                  __________________________________________________________________________________________
                  __________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                     Yours sincerely
                                                                                      Li Hua
                   
                  2018-2019学年度下学期高二月考英语试卷
                  阅读21-24 CBAB 25-29. BCDAA 30-32 ACB33-35 C D A36-40 EBDAG
                  完形 41-45 DBCDA  46-50  BACCB  51-55 CBADA  56-60  CBADA
                  语法填空
                  61.from     62. moved   63.inventions   64.Naturally     65. who
                  66.to work  67.to show  68.because     69.those        70.careless
                  短文改错
                  1. got  → get          2.where  → which     3. with →as
                  4. decides  →decided   5. Take  →Taking      6. to → for
                  7.really → real  8.she → he    9. sent后加to   10. But 去掉
                  Dear Wang Mei,
                  I'm very glad to have received your e-mail. Now Im writing to give you some advice on how to leam English well in high school.
                  First of all, you should listen to the teacher carefully and take notes in class so that you can go over your lessons as soon as you can/ regularly after class. As is known to all/As we all know, vocabulary is of great importance/ essential. You should spend half an hour in the morning reciting words and reading texts aloud. What's more, try to communicate with yourclassmates in English out of class. Only in this way can you improve your listening and spoken English quickly. Last but not least, you should develop the habit of keeping a diary, which helps improve your written English and helps you go over / review the words and expressions that you have leamt
                  I hope these suggestions will be of use to you. Remember: where there is a will, there is away. he man who has made up his mind to win will never say" impossible
                  一个决心要成功的人是?#27704;?#19981;会说“不可能的”。
                                                                  Yours sincerely
                                                                         Li Hua


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